Innovations in Tuberculosis Care: Exploring the Evidence Behind Emerging Practices in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

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The Center for Health Market Innovations (CHMI; profiles close to 70 programs that engage in emerging practices of tuberculosis (TB) healthcare in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).i, ii These programs use innovative delivery mechanisms and information communications technologies (ICTs) to improve access to TB diagnostic and treatment services, patient and provider adherence to care protocols, and affordability of healthcare for the poor. These approaches include integrating informal providers (IPs) into TB treatment programs and social franchises and using mobile phones for data collection and treatment surveillance. This analysis draws on data from the CHMI database and external evidence to provide an overview of emerging practices for improving TB healthcare with the goal of highlighting promising approaches and identifying knowledge gaps in the evidence base for future research.