Disease Narrative for HIV and Areas for Intervention

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The global response in the last 15 years has recorded unparalleled progress in its fight against HIV/AIDS. Since 2000, new infections in adults and children have declined 35%, death from HIV-related causes has declined 24%, almost 16 million people living with HIV are now on ART, and the global response has averted 30 million new HIV infections and 7.8 million AIDS-related deaths. However, despite these achievements, significant challenges remain.

An ambitious goal of ending the AIDS epidemic by 2030 has been set by the international community and rapid progress is required in the coming years to render such a goal feasible. In the next five years, three fast-track targets have been established to enable reaching such goal: 1) 90% of PLHIV know their status by 2020; 2) 90% of people diagnosed with HIV receive ART by 2020; and 3) 90% of the people receiving treatment achieve viral suppression by 2020. It is estimated that meeting these “90-90-90 fast-track targets” will avert 28 million HIV infections and 21 million AIDS-related deaths by 2030. In order to reach these targets, it is imperative to scale-up access to innovative cost-effective tools for HIV prevention, testing, treatment, and monitoring.

UNITAID identified a comprehensive inventory of challenges that threaten achievement of global goals, as a first step for articulating and refining its strategic approach to engaging in the HIV space. These challenges were identified through the following steps:

  • Analysis of partners’ strategies
  • Review of relevant UNITAID’s landscapes
  • Engagement with partners